Published by
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), International Energy Agency (IEA)

Operationalising selected reporting and flexibility provisions in the Paris Agreement

The paper "Operationalising selected reporting and flexibility provisions in the Paris Agreement" was prepared by the OECD and IEA Secretariats in response to a request from the Climate Change Expert Group (CCXG) on the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

The paper focuses on one element of the future transparency framework under the Paris Agreement, notably reporting by Parties and the flexibility built into it. An enhanced transparency framework (ETF) is a central component of the Agreement, not least to underpin the dynamic process of updating nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and to provide input to the global stocktakes on successive five-year cycles. The ETF will apply to all Parties, with flexibility for developing country Parties that need it in the light of their capacities. This paper examines how such flexibility might be operationalised when reporting information under the future enhanced transparency system for greenhouse gas (GHG) inventories and for progress towards the mitigation component of NDCs under Article 4. The paper also highlights how improvements over time in reporting of adaptation, and support needed and received could be encouraged.1 For each individual reporting element in these four areas, the paper identifies possible ways of reporting for countries with a range of different capacity levels related to providing information for a specific element.