Tracking Climate Finance: What and How?
The aim of this paper is to highlight key questions that will impact how the international community counts financial flows (both public and private) towards the $100 bn long-term climate finance commitment, and discuss the resulting implications for tracking these flows. The scope of the paper includes both public and private financial flows in or to developing countries.
Measuring Reporting Verifying: A Primer on MRV for Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions
This document provides insights on how MRV for NAMAs can be performed and identifies elements and drivers to be considered when designing adequate MRV systems for NAMAs in developing countries. This primer is the second contribution in the emerging area of NAMAs and MRV. It is complemented by a recent publication on Low Carbon Development Strategies and NAMAs.
MRV and the International Climate Change Negotiations - Coming to Terms with MRV
This factsheet provides a brief summary of Measurement, Reporting and Verification (MRV), covering different questions, such as: What do the M, R, and V stand for? Why MRV? What needs to me 'MRVed'? What are challenges and gaps? Who should undertake MRV?
Annual Status Report on NAMAs
The report includes an up to date snapshot of current NAMA developments around the world as well as an analysis and overview of lessons learned in NAMA development.
Low Carbon Development Strategies - A Primer on Framing NAMAs in Developing Countries
This UNEP Primer presents the basic principles, proposing some possible elements of a national LCDS and NAMA preparation process and provides a template for NAMA articulation.
Enhancing Today’s MRV Framework to Meet Tomorrow’s Needs: The Role of National Communications and Inventories
The World Resources Institute (WRI) has already presented a comprehensive methodology for GHG-emission monitoring and reporting. This paper discusses the requirements and functions of MRV and what still needs to be developed to complete the MRV building block of a global climate architecture.
Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories
The 2006 IPCC Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories provide methodologies for estimating national inventories of anthropogenic emissions by sources and removals by sinks
of greenhouse gases. The guidelines were prepared in response to an invitation by the Parties to the