Designing NAMAs to catalyze bankable low-carbon investments
CCAP recently released a policy brief, co-authored with UNEP-DTU and and NewClimate Institute, in which they assessed how to develop NAMAs that drive private investment. The paper identifies three main dimensions that need to be addressed to promote “bankability”— the conditions needed for the private sector to invest profitably in low-carbon projects.
Achieving national climate goals under the Paris Agreement will require substantial low-carbon, climate-resilient investment— and most of these resources will come from the private sector. The key challenge will be to turn countries’ Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) into concrete actions that create the conditions necessary for climate-compatible investment. Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) are one tool for implementing NDCs that can be used to leverage domestic and international public support to mobilize private investment.
The three dimensions, or “three legs of a stool” that define elements of NAMAs that make climate-friendly investments bankable include:
- Improving policy and institutional frameworks, including through policy mandates, regulations that level the playing field for low-carbon investment, and/or the development or strengthening of institutional arrangements for policy planning and implementation;
- Addressing financial risks and returns, including through financial mechanisms and interventions that lower real and perceived risks and/or improve returns sufficiently to mobilize low-carbon investment; and
- Identifying projects and demonstrating feasibility, including the development of an initial project or set of projects, and the identification of a larger project pipeline.
While ideally, all three dimensions should be considered, a NAMA need not address all three dimensions if one or two of the conditions are already in place.
Developing countries can use this model to develop NAMAs that target barriers to private sector investment, both financial and non-financial. By creating a favorable environment for catalyzing private sector low-carbon investment, NAMAs can play an important role in achieving NDCs, and mobilizing resources in support of countries’ sustainable development goals. For funding institutions, the three dimensions can provide a framework to assess the potential of a NAMA to transform economic sectors and redirect public and private capital flows towards clean energy and low-carbon investments.